In order to improve the comfort in the living space, most often they resort to the reconstruction of the house, and not only by carrying out capital repairs. The vast majority of residential buildings in Ukraine are old-style, the planning and layout of systems that have long been out of compliance with modern construction norms and standards. After reading the article, you will learn what the reconstruction of residential buildings is, how to carry it out quickly and correctly, and how much time, effort and money will have to be spent on it.
If you plan to renovate a private house, you must first draw up a project and estimate to estimate future costs. Compiling a detailed calculation will help to exclude unnecessary purchases or, on the contrary, to determine what can be effectively added to the project.
Repair and reconstruction are carried out in a certain sequence. First, if a sacramento home remodeling is being prepared, everything must be agreed; then repair and reconstruct load-bearing walls and partitions; to repair the sanitary and water supply network; electrical network. After that, carpentry is repaired, furniture is built in, insulation is done, plaster is repaired or plastered in a new way, floors are installed. Finally, they perform painting and wallpaper works. In individual residential buildings, it is sometimes necessary to add something or change the functionality of the premises. It is clear that you can perform all or only some of the works, but you must follow their order.
Repair of a private house with your own hands
It is necessary to start the capital repair of a private house with perfect planning. When you have inspected the home and written down all serious defects, you can start implementing the project, for now – on paper.
Why do you need a plan:
- You will know what to do and in what order.
- You will be able to see in advance how the house will look and compare the real result with the virtual one.
- You will be able to calculate the exact amount of necessary building materials.
If you plan to demolish or move walls (partitions), sanitary equipment, gas or heating devices, replacing an electric stove with a gas one, such actions require a documentary permit. For this, you should contact the relevant organizations in the district. To correct the technical passport of the house, you need to submit a written application and a package of documents, including a detailed description of future work. To determine whether you need to get a permit to repair something in the house, look in the technical data sheet, all the structures in the plan can be repaired. But to add an additional area, for example, a summer kitchen, you need a permit. Otherwise, the extension may be declared illegal and demolished.
The modern rhythm of life forces people to constantly work or spend time on the road, but even the busiest person spends a third of his life at home. Therefore, it is extremely important to create a favorable atmosphere inside, and we are talking not only about good decoration, but also about heat, lighting, ventilation and other important points. The physical and psychological health of residents depends on this.
Natural lighting must be provided, and the more, the better. According to the rules, windows should occupy 10% of the house area. Imagine how much discomfort a person will feel, being in a constantly shaded room – it will spoil the vision, in such a room it is impossible to grow indoor plants, ventilate and be fully clean. Moreover, the absence or lack of windows will lead to excessive consumption of electricity, and today even the wealthiest save on electricity.
It is interesting: in the past, small windows and small doorways were made in wooden houses in order to reduce heat loss as much as possible. At that time, ordinary glass was used, which did not protect against the cold very well.
How to correctly place the windows in the house:
Windows in the kitchen and bedroom should face the southeast, so that there is bright natural light in the morning, and the sunset does not blind the eyes in the evening.
It is better to place the windows of the living room towards the sunset, so that you can admire the sunset as long as possible.
The windows of utility rooms should be oriented to the north, since tools, equipment, products and materials that do not require excessive natural lighting are usually located there.
If there are several windows in the room from different sides, then the large ones should be oriented to the south, and the small ones to the north.
Windows facing west and south should be shaded naturally with trees growing near trees or structural elements of the building (balconies or projecting roof).
Warming the house
A comfortable indoor microclimate depends on the temperature and humidity of the air. These factors, in turn, are provided by proper thermal and vapor insulation, as well as space ventilation.
In old-type houses, as a rule, the thermal insulation of the walls is insufficient, or it is absent at all, so there may be a difference between the temperature outside and inside the building. As a result, condensation forms, humidity rises, and residents feel uncomfortable. If it is impossible to disassemble the wall, it is recommended to make thermal insulation of the walls from the outside or from the inside.
It is absolutely impossible to tell everything about how to repair a house, since the scope and specifics of the work depend on the nature of the damage. But the fact that it is necessary to make repairs in a private house is an indisputable fact.